Cyprus is one of the 35 signatory states of the Final Act concluded in Helsinki in 1975, and an active participant in the procedures of the then Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), which on 1 January 1995 became an international organisation under the name Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Since the conception of the CSCE in the early 1970s, Cyprus, together with the other neutral and non-aligned (N+N) states of Europe, have strived to make the CSCE a process of common European progress, where the division between East and West would gradually diminish and eventually disappear. Cyprus was a founding member of the group of the N+N countries, which assumed the role of bridge-building between the opposing interests of East and West.
The CSCE Conference in Vienna, which took place from November 1986 to January 1989, and its Concluding Document marked the new era in European relations following the rapprochement between East and West. Cyprus has made its contribution to the achievement of the results of the Vienna Conference promoting the finding of solutions to important issues such as the military security in Europe, the Mediterranean, the environment and the principles guiding relations between states.
In the field of the ten principles guiding the relations between states, known as the Helsinki Decalogue, Cyprus has promoted the adoption of new and concrete obligations concerning the territorial integrity of states and human rights. In particular, the adoption in the Vienna Concluding Document of provisions for the non-recognition of situations, which violate the territorial integrity of a state and the recognition of the right of all refugees to return to their homes in safety, underlines the influence of the Cypriot position.